How to recognise diabetes hypoglycemia (low blood sugar)
and hyperglycemia (high blood sugar)
How to recognise diabetes hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) and hyperglycemia (high blood sugar)
Diabetes results in an imbalance of the levels of sugar in the blood. Commonly we see hypoglycemia (low blood sugar levels) and occasionally we may see hyperglycemia (high blood sugar levels). Non-diabetics can also experience low blood sugar levels in certain circumstances.
There is a great deal of information about Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes and the general management of the illness, it can be viewed on-line, produced by the NHS. However in first aid terms we are focused on dealing with an immediate event or incident, not with long term illness management.
Common Signs of Hypo- and Hyper-Glycemia
The table below show the common signs of sugar high and lows and talks about how to manage these casualties.
Understand Your Casualty’s Illness Before They Need Your Help
If you have a duty of care for a person who suffers from diabetes (or any illness for that matter), one of the best pieces of advice is to have an honest but private conversation with the person about their illness. Find out how they manage their illness and what they would like you to do, should they fall ill. Find out what their usual signs and symptoms are, what their recovery looks like, and of course where they carry their medication. In this way, you will be much better prepared should you find yourself dealing with a diabetic incident.
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