First Aid Acronyms Explained – CLAP
C – Control the situation
L – Look for hazards
A – Assess the situation
P – Protect and Prioritise
An acronym is a word or name formed as an abbreviation, created from the initial letters of a phrase or a word. The first aid world uses many acronyms to help us remember different treatments. In this series we have explained the meanings of the most common first aid acronyms to help you avoid confusion!
The first aid acronym CLAP is a way to think about initial accident scene management.
Control the situation -Stop take a breath and take charge of people and traffic
Look for hazards – Look for anything that might cause harm to children or bystanders in the immediate area. Don’t forget yourself!
Assess the situation – Gather as much information as possible about what has occurred from bystanders and try to make a diagnosis (history, signs and symptoms)
Protect and prioritise – Ensure protection is worn (gloves) and the casualties are prioritised using a Triage system. Try to gain assistance from a bystander and contact the emergency services.
This video shows how to perform a primary survey in an urban environment, this is the basis of any first aid incident response. You can find out more in our DRABC First Aid Acronym blog too!
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