First Aid Acronyms Explained – LIONEL
An acronym is a word or name formed as an abbreviation, created from the initial letters of a phrase or a word. The first aid world uses many acronyms to help us remember different treatments. In this series we have explained the meanings of the most common first aid acronyms to help you avoid confusion!
The first aid acronym LIONEL is used to help the first aider remember what information the emergency services will require when they are phoned. Having this information to hand to the best of your abilities, before making an emergency phone call can seem like a lot of extra unnecessary effort in a stressful situation. However it will make help the call handler to assign the correct resources to you as quickly as possible, without having to ask you for further information and await your response.
Therefore, good information gathering prior to calling for help, can mean a much more efficient rescue process is instigated.
L – Location. Where are you, and how will the emergency services access the site? Are there any gates, security doors etc that need to be opened?
I – Incident – What happened, as far as you know? Only provide what you know to be accurate information. Do not ‘invent’ a description based on what you think seems to have happened.
O – Other Services Required. Do you also need the police or other emergency services? Maybe the coastguard if you are at the beach?
N – Number of Casualties. If you are in a dangerous or remote environment, don’t forget to mention the number of people in the party, even if they are not injured, they may also need assistance in getting to a safe place.
E – Extent of Injuries. What has happened to the casualty, and what have you done. Again, be factual, don’t try and diagnose an injury or condition.
L – Location confirmation.
Emergency Action Planning
Often an Emergency Action Plan is used to provide first aiders with a protocol to follow in an emergency, thus reducing the stress of a situation and saving time. An Emergency Action Plan should be specific to the work site, and include information such as: Location, Access to the Location, Nearest Hospital, Closest Location with mobile phone reception if appropriate, Personnel to notify including contact details, plus the rest of the LIONEL acronym.
Emergency Action Plans may be kept in the first aid kit, or be pinned to the wall or kept in another appropriate place depending on the situation.
This video explains various options for calling the emergency services if you are in a remote location.
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