Top ten Do’s and Dont’s for seizures
Here are a list of top ten Do’s and Dont’s for seizures
- Move any objects, such as furniture, away from them so that they don’t hurt themselves. Only move the person is they are in a dangerous place, for example in the road
- Put something soft (such as a jumper) under their head to stop it hitting the ground
- Check the time to see how long the seizure goes on for. If the seizure lasts more than 5 minutes call an ambulance.
- Try to stop other people crowding around
- Most people’s seizures will stop on their own and the person will not need any medical help. However, if you are not sure whether someone is recovering from a seizure, they have hurt themselves during the seizure, or you have any concerns about them, you should call an ambulance.
- Although it can be frightening to see, this is not usually a medical emergency. Usually, once the convulsions have stopped, the person recovers and their breathing goes back to normal.
- Stay with them until they recover and can safely return to what they had been doing before. Some people recover quickly but others may take longer to feel back to normal again.
- Try to minimise any embarrassment. If they have wet themselves deal with this as privately as possible (for example, put a coat over them).
- Stay with them until they have fully recovered. They may need some gentle reassurance.
- Call for an ambulance if this is the first time the person has had a seizure
- DO NOT restrain (try to hold down) the person.
- DO NOT place anything between the person’s teeth during a seizure (including your fingers).
- DO NOT move the person unless they are in danger or near something hazardous.
- DO NOT try to make the person stop convulsing. They have no control over the seizure and are not aware of what is happening at the time.
- DO NOT give the person anything by mouth until the convulsions have stopped and the person is fully awake and alert.
- DO NOT start CPR unless the seizure has clearly stopped and the person is not breathing or has no pulse.
Top 10 reasons for seizures
Seizures of all types are caused by disorganised and sudden electrical activity in the brain.
- Drug abuse
- Electric shock
- Brain infection, including meningitis
- Fever (particularly in young children)
- Abnormal levels of sodium or glucose in the blood
- Head injury
- Heart disease
Sometimes, no cause can be found.
Most seizures happen suddenly without warning, last a short time (a few seconds or minutes) and stop by themselves.
Seizures can be different for each person.
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