Dealing with a roadside first aid incident
Roadside first aid –
As with any first aid situation it is important to keep things simple and deal with the biggest problems first. Any first aid given at the scene of an incident should be seen as a temporary measure until the emergency services arrive. The Highway Code gives some advice about roadside first aid which is in the Highway Code Annex 7. First aid on the road. This covers information about first aid on the road, including dealing with danger, getting help, helping those involved, and providing emergency care. A quick summary would be to do the following;
Assess for Danger
Stop if it safe to do so and make sure the scene is safe. If possible, warn other traffic. If you have a vehicle, switch on your hazard warning lights.
Further collisions and fire are the main dangers following a crash. Approach any vehicle involved carefully and watch for spilt oil or broken glass. Switch off all vehicle engines and stop anyone from smoking, and put on the gloves from your first-aid kit.
If you can do so safely, try to get the help of bystanders. Get someone to call the appropriate emergency services on 999 or 112 as soon as possible. They’ll need to know the exact location of the incident (including the direction of traffic, for example, northbound) and the number of vehicles involved. Don’t forget its easy to give a location using What3Words if you have the app on your phone. Try to give information about the condition of any casualties: is anyone is having difficulty breathing, bleeding heavily, or trapped in a vehicle.
Help those involved
DO give reassurance confidently
DO try to keep casualties warm, dry and comfortable
DO NOT move casualties from their vehicles unless there’s the threat of further danger
DO NOT leave them alone or let them wander into the path of other traffic
DO NOT give them anything to eat or drink
Provide emergency first aid if required (ABC of first aid)
A – Assess to see if it is safe to approach.
A – Alertness Check to see if the casualty is awake and responding to questioning. If they are ask them if they have injuries.
A – Airway If there’s no response, open the casualty’s airway by placing your fingers under their chin and lifting it forward.
B – Breathing Check that the casualty is breathing normally. Look for chest movements, look and listen for breathing.
If the casualty is unconscious and breathing, place them in the recovery position if possible until medical help arrives. You may need to lie them on their side across the car seats if possible.
If there are no signs of breathing, start CPR. Watch our YouTube video to watch a demonstration of adult CPR.
C – Circulation If the casualty is responsive and breathing, check for signs of bleeding. Don’t remove anything that’s stuck in the wound. Cover any bleeding wounds and apply pressure to them. Use the cleanest material available.
Always carry a first aid kit – you might never need it, but it could save a life.
First Aid for Drivers
Our 7 hour approved Professional Driver Emergency First Aid courses were developed around the Driver CPC syllabus and are fully approved by JAUPT (Joint Approvals Unit for Periodic Training).
The main aim of Driver CPC is to ensure better-trained drivers who are up to date with current legislation and to help reduce road casualties and improve road safety.
The First Aid Training Co-operative has a team of trainers who can work from your venue to deliver this 7-hour JAUPT approved Professional Driver (CPC) Emergency First Aid Course. We make it easy by uploading qualification details to the DSA database within five working days of course completion.